|Description:||Physiology is the study of how the body works in health and disease. As such it is the foundational science underlying medical practice. Physiology involves an understanding of function at the molecular, genomic, cellular, organ and whole body level. Physiologists are dedicated to investigating fundamental mechanisms of body processes and translating this information into a useful framework to inform health-related decisions and improve clinical care.
The development of air and space travel, and of the northern regions, an increased emphasis on exercise and fitness, and the advent of “artificial intelligence” based upon nervous system principles, all provide exciting problems and research opportunities for those trained in physiology. Students often continue their studies at the graduate level (M.Sc. or Ph.D.), a requirement for research and teaching at universities and colleges.